Practice of word cards, partridge day

2022-01-15 02:16:18  作者:Life journey

We know ,《 Partridge day 》 This word card is only one , That is, Yan Jidao style . Its imperial vocabulary is as follows :⊙ It's flat ⊙ Xiping ( rhyme )⊙ flat ⊙ The tone is flat ( rhyme )⊙ flat ⊙ Tone, level and tone ( sentence )⊙ It's flat ⊙ Xiping ( rhyme ) Even tones ( sentence ) It's flat ( rhyme )⊙ flat ⊙ The tone is flat ( rhyme )⊙ flat ⊙ Tone, level and tone ( sentence )⊙ It's flat ⊙ Xiping ( rhyme ) We fill in according to the positive case of the imperial dictionary , There will be no problem . But in Song ci , We will see a lot different from this body 《 Partridge day 》, Most of the problems come from the rhythm of the first sentence . One , Some notes on metrical :( One ) About the first sentence rule . In search of rhyme or 《 The imperial Dictionary 》 in , The first sentence of partridge day , The flat format is medium , Many authors follow 《 The imperial Dictionary 》 Understood as a , Except the last word , The other six characters can be flat or flat . It's not . This standard is too wide . Let's look at all the hill words ( That is, Yan Jidao's words ), The rhyme of the first sentence is completely in line with the seven character sentence pattern of "Ze Qi Ping" , Although sometimes there are difficulties , No more than is “( Ze ) Flat, flat, flat ”. Its positive case is still “( Ze ) Level, level, level ”. If the first sentence has another variant , That is, Zhao Changqing's two partridge heaven poems adopt the format of seven words starting and ending flat , There is a first sentence that is “ New sunny water heating lotus root red ”, Another song starts with “ Jade should not envy plum makeup ”. The words of partridge heaven filled by other poets , Mostly according to the starting method of the hill .

summary : Partridge day first sentence , Or according to Yan Jidao's words , Use the seven character rule of "Ze Qi Qi Ping Shou" ; Or according to Zhao Changqing's words , Adopt the seven character rule of flat start and flat finish , But the second sentence of the word is the same as the law . We can never simply understand the flat and narrow sentences in word filling as long as the last word is flat , The first six characters can be flat and flat at will .

( Two ) About the third metrical . The third sentence of Xiaoshan CI is mostly in the form of seven character flat, rising and falling tone . It can also be used in the fifth character , The so-called Xiaoao ( The last five words “ Ze Ze Ping Ze ”).

( 3、 ... and ) About the rhythm of the three character sentence starting from the second paragraph . According to the example of Xiaoshan ci , It is “ Even tones , It's flat ”. Zhao Changqing's adaptation is “ The tone is flat , It's flat ”. therefore , The metrical rule of the first three character sentence in the latter paragraph is Ping Ze Ze , Or flat , It can't be understood as “( Ze )( flat ) Ze ”. In particular, do not fill in “ The tone, the tone ”.( Four ) in addition , In the whole Song Ci, there is also pingqi partridge day , The method is different from this spectrum . Because there are few works , by “ non-mainstream ”, So the vocabulary is not listed . for example 《 Partridge day 》 Anonymous is not greedy for fame, pleasure and travel . Turn the heart ape and kick the balloon . Enjoy three meals a day for friends , Sleep at night in Yuren building . How happy , Spring and Autumn . From his black rabbit . Or play in the famous garden , Or put the long pole upstream of the lake . It's a curved flat rise .

Two ,《 Partridge day 》 The Partridge Sky has the characteristics of seven laws and seven jues . His characteristics , One : And the seven laws 、 The seven wonders are basically the same , But it's different .《 Partridge day 》 The first four sentences are like a seven wonders , There are also stresses on the transition , But there is no obvious conclusion in the previous film . There is no obvious dividing line between the upper and lower films . Everyone should remember , The word "Partridge" is different from other words here . His real thing is the transition , There is no obvious conclusion in the previous film , The composition is very simple , So we should pay special attention to . It can also be said that ,《 Partridge day 》 It consists of seven seven word rules , Add two pairs of small three character sentences to form a . It can also be regarded as a seven wonders in the previous film 、 The next film is composed of an approximate seven Jue . It's closest to rhythmic poetry . Two : Yes . Three or four of the seven laws 、 Five or six sentences require workers to be right , In principle, partridge heaven requires three or four sentences of work right , At the same time, the word is relaxed, which can work or meaning right , If you can't work, at least make a complicated pair , It's better to run water on . Running water pairs will make the whole sentence more fluent and flexible . 3、 ... and : junction . His knot demands to be tied to the void , The best knot is in the empty place , It ends with Jingyu . In addition, the three or four sentences of the couplet are where the word eye is located . We must grasp . Because these three or four sentences are the most brilliant place , It's also the key . Only the last sentence of the whole word is the conclusion . To taste, to taste long , Be sure to use the scenery knot . Of course, you can also use complex , But the complex is hard to smell .

Let's take a concrete look at the example words and analyze : Partridge day Yan Jidao's colorful sleeves hold the jade bell attentively , I was drunk in those years . Dance low willow chamber heart moon , Song peach blossom fan bottom wind . After don't , Have met , Several soul dreams with you . Tonight, I'm going to take a picture of silver , Fear of meeting is a dream . Let's analyze : In this poem, the film and rhyme poem are very similar . Colour sleeve holds jade bell gallantly , I was drunk in those years . Dance low willow chamber heart moon , Song peach blossom fan bottom wind . What is the difference between these words and poetry ? Let's not watch the next film Just say it's seven wonders . From this song, the first half of it is almost no big difference from rhythm poetry, no big difference , And what's the difference ? The difference is in the words of the language .“ Dance low willow chamber heart moon , Song peach blossom fan bottom wind .” It's so delicious , Especially the last two sentences , It's beautiful . It's different from the poem that has a certain feeling and taste . Let's take a closer look at , I feel it's word flavor when I read it like this , Very soft . Without the regularity of poetry , solemn . If it's a regular poem, it may express other meanings , It won't be so delicious . Let's move on ,“ After don't , Have met , Several soul dreams with you .” When I read this , The sentence pattern has changed , The structure has also changed. If the last film is rhythm poetry , It's usually from the beginning , Second joint bearing , It's over . But this word is different. It comes from “ Colour sleeve holds jade bell gallantly , I was drunk in those years .” from “ That year ” Two words , To explain that the author wrote the memories of that year, and then the next two sentences are the memories of that year . So, one or two sentences is a commitment together : Colour sleeve holds jade bell gallantly , I was drunk in those years . Together Right ? It's different from poetry ? The two words tell you ,“ Colour sleeve holds jade bell gallantly ” Those are the last two sentences of the author in those days, or , That is, the second sentence follows the first sentence , Then follow the last two sentences , In fact, it plays such a role , It ties these four sentences together . Let's go on to analyze the next film , After don't , Have met , Several soul dreams with you . Tonight, I'm going to take a picture of silver , Fear of meeting is a dream . The rhyme generally starts to turn here, just as we play football and kick the ball far away at once ( The seventh sentence ) Then run over and bring the ball back ( The eighth sentence ) This is the consistent writing method of regular poetry, and words , We all know , Two tone words are divided into upper and lower pieces . After writing the last film , It is a complete colored ball . Choose a new point at the beginning of the next film . The key is how to choose this point ? This point must be above the ball in front . For example, the last film is a woven colored ball , Then we pull a new thread from the ball, and then wind it on the basis of the thread , This is the next film . What color sleeves did the film say 、 Jade bell 、 What floor heart moon 、 What fan bottom wind, etc. These are the past , Memories of . So what did he say in the next film ?“ After don't , Have met ” After don't , It's a new thread “ Have met ” I began to entangle what I met ? That's what I started to say . What are you talking about ?“ Several soul dreams with you ”, It's already tangled up. Go on “ Tonight, I'm going to take a picture of silver , Fear of meeting is a dream . It's a structure that recalls the past first , After recalling the past , I also recall the period of time after parting , Then again, I see you wonder if it's true . The first sentence is to say the past , The second sentence turns back to show that it is still the past , Let's go and finish , And from parting to today , Finally, back in front of you . It's a flashback , Layer by layer, the emotion pushes the connotation forward , Until the end . This structure is connected with the common rhythm poetry , Especially the next film is very different , If it were a rhyme, it wouldn't be like this . This is the partridge day , This is the difference between poetry and CI. Let's go on to another one by Yan Jidao 《 Partridge Swan sky 》《 Partridge day 》 Yan Jidao guards the lotus and opens the knot to accompany you , About to open the Ping leaf and go to the LAN boat . When I came to Pukou, the clouds followed me , After mining, the moon is full by the river . Flowers do not speak , Water and air flow , Every year I have to worry about flowers . If the west wind is strong in the Ming Dynasty , Fight with Zhu Yan and don't bear autumn .

“ Keep the lotus and open the knot to accompany you , About to open the Ping leaf and go to the LAN boat .” This sentence shows that the poet has a date with someone , This date , Not now , But the future . From which word do you see ? From a “ keep ” You can see , Roughly speaking , When the lotus opens , So we can go on a companion tour , then , We were in a boat , Rush away the Ping leaves , It's also the last sentence “ Go with me ” A continuation of . Let's see how he went on to write ? Then it imagined a scene after traveling together . What scene is it ?“ When I came to Pukou, the clouds followed me , After mining, the moon is full by the river .” Is a complement to the first two sentences , The technique is actually similar to “ Colorful sleeves hold the jade cup attentively ” It's basically the same . Make a simple explanation in the first two sentences , Three or four sentences complement it with a beautiful antithesis . He said “ When I came to Pukou, the clouds followed me , After mining, the moon is full by the river .”“ when ” Yes “ Mining ”,“ pukou ” Yes “ riverside ”, The clouds follow you “ The moon is full ”, Yes, very natural and neat . It's over here . In other words, draw a full stop after reading these four sentences . that 《 Partridge day 》 Is your writing almost the same ?“ Colorful sleeves hold the jade cup attentively ” From the first sentence , The second sentence is written , Three or four sentences complement it with a antithesis . The difference is that one is to recall the past , One is about the future . Think about how the ancients wrote , How to layout . good , Let's watch the next film . Flowers do not speak , Water and air flow , Every year I have to worry about flowers . If the west wind is strong in the Ming Dynasty , Fight with Zhu Yan and don't bear autumn .“ How does it turn down ? Because it says lotus , So let's use huabuyu , use “ flowers ” Come and join us “ Lotus blossom ”、“ Ping ye ” To connect , This is another thread in the colored ball in the previous film . The last piece of Partridge Sky is a complete colored ball , Next film , To find a new thread from the previous piece , It must be on the film .“ Flowers do not speak , Water and air flow ”, Take on the film ? Then why “ Flowers do not speak ”? Why? “ Water and air flow ” Well ? Oh , Turned out to be “ Every year I have to worry about flowers . Don't you accept it ? Just one ring after another .“ Fight hard ” I'm probably desperate for it . why “ Every year I have to worry about flowers ” Well ? In the next two sentences, it explains , On the surface, this explanation seems to be an explanation , There seems to be no progressive . But it uses the language of explanation to launch another layer to close the whole article. Why ? Let's see “ If the west wind is strong in the Ming Dynasty , Fight with Zhu Yan and don't bear autumn .” If the west wind blows tomorrow , The flowers are all gone ," Fight with Zhu Yan and don't bear autumn ", Just like Zhu Yan . This Zhu Yan , On the surface, it says lotus , Actually, it implies that people . By then , The flowers also fell , People are old . therefore , Because of this , Just cherish the time in front of you , Just want to worry about flowers . Is it in the language of interpretation , Another layer of meaning , To keep the full text ? Cherish the time in front of you . Let's take a closer look at how he came from these floors ? Partridge day Yan Jidao, keep lotus open knot to accompany you , About to open the Ping leaf and go to the LAN boat . When I came to Pukou, the clouds followed me , After mining, the moon is full by the river . Flowers do not speak , Water and air flow , Every year I have to worry about flowers . If the west wind is strong in the Ming Dynasty , Fight with Zhu Yan and don't bear autumn . Read it aloud , Feel the , Is that what it means? . It is also divided into four beats , The first shot is the first sentence , The next sentence follows . The second beat uses a antithetical sentence , Put that to a successful end , Then the next three word pair pulled a thread from the previous one , It began to entangle , The last one , This is the composition of Partridge Sky .

3、 ... and ,《 Partridge day 》 What genre is suitable for writing , Obviously , It is most suitable for lyricism . Especially by scenery . Of course, you can also chant things , But it's rare . As Li Qingzhao said 《 Partridge day 》 Sweet-scented osmanthus .

Said two first words , Said so much , I wonder if you have mastered the characteristics and writing method of this word card . Then why don't you do an exercise !

This assignment exercise , Imitate Li Qingzhao's 《 Partridge day 》 Sweet-scented osmanthus , With Chimonanthus as the theme . Fill in the words in the proper case 《 Partridge day 》 Wintersweet Flower . Chant or praise or sigh . Chant things and express feelings . If the test is qualified, send it to the group .

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