Every photographer , Whether it's a professional photographer or a photographer , In my heart, I am eager to shoot good photography works . The picture is clean 、 Be transparent 、 With texture , Except for other external factors , What convenience should we start from to get clean 、 What about the transparent photos ？
Let's share it with you to make the photos cleaner 、 Transparent skills . I hope it can be helpful to you .
1、 Pure color
We were shooting ,
Mode one ： A lot of negative space
The negative space of a picture , It's the space between objects in the picture , That is what we call “ blank ” or “ message ” The place of . Negative spaces usually have very simple 、 A single image element , It's easy to ignore , But for presenting the subject in a picture , But it's a very important element .
Imagine a picture of a blue sky , There is a bird in the middle , Its vast, single color sky , Make the subject bird stand out , And highlights its isolated state . The blue space around the bird , It's the negative space in this picture , in other words Negative space doesn't have to be white , But it must be simple , To highlight the theme of .
A lot of negative space makes the picture look cleaner , It's because it's relatively single , Simple , There are no complicated lines and colors in the main body of a photo . And then again, it makes it easy for our eyes to focus on the subject , Create a comfortable sense of breathing through the contrast of a lot of white space .
Mode two ： Simple color matching
Color is the most eye-catching visual element in a picture . Through different chroma 、 Color 、 The combination of brightness , We can make all kinds of colors , Some harmony , Some conflict . If we look at a picture with a clean texture , We'll find that it's usually simple 、 A single 、 And harmonious color matching .
It doesn't mean that conflicting colors can't create a clean feeling , Because these colors are eye-catching , But if they're big enough in a picture , The line texture is simple enough , The whole picture will naturally feel clean .
That being the case , Usually the more single 、 Harmonious colors , The easier it is to feel clean .
Mode three ： The level of light and shadow
Light is the essence of photography . We're not shooting objects , It's the interaction between light and objects , So photography is the study of light . If there is no light , There are no lines 、 Color 、 And the existence of the form .
There is light, there is shadow , The level of light and shadow , It can control the cleanliness of a picture . If the light in a photo is evenly distributed , There will be no shadows , The overall feeling is clean and comfortable .
That's why many photographers take pictures of food or people , They like to set their theme next to the large French windows , Because the natural light through the large area of glass is very soft , And the shadow gradients produced on the surface of objects are also relatively delicate , There won't be pieces , Dirty feeling .
conversely , In the middle of the day , Or a bright light from the top of the head , It's easy to let the covered objects appear a piece of black and a piece of bright light and shadow , More than that, there is a lack of delicate gradations , The variance between black and light is usually very large , At the same time, highlight the wrinkles on the object plane , It's eye-catching , Creating an unnecessary visual complexity .
however , This is not to say that if you make the whole picture bright, it will look good without shadows , Because of the lack of three-dimensional sense , Lack of depth , It feels flat , After all , In photos like this 2D The plane of the plane is going to produce 3D The three-dimensional sense of , It's the shadow .
So I don't think the key is that the picture must be bright or dark , Or there can be no contrast , It is The transition between light and dark should be delicate , There's a soft level , let me put it another way , The quality of light , Not the amount of light , Decide if the picture is clean .
Mode 4 ： Simple lines
Imagine two pictures , It's full of jagged lines and sharp edges , The other has a simple, soft curve , The two lines have a different feeling . The former is sharp , It makes people feel active and nervous , The latter makes people quieter 、 passive .
Liveliness and quietness alone are not enough to affect the cleanliness of an image , however An active line , It's easier to form visual complexity than a quiet curve , The complexity itself will make the viewer can not immediately grasp the dynamic of the picture , Give the viewer a relative “ squalor ” The feeling of .
So if you want to make the picture look cleaner , We can pay attention to the lines that appear in the viewfinder , Avoid edges and jagged edges , Use simple and soft curves to create a relaxed state .
Methods five ： Smooth and single texture
Taking pictures for a long time , I found a rule . You usually take pictures of nature , Especially if there's a lot of forest or land in it , It's hard to look at the pictures “ clean ” The feeling of . conversely , In the city , In particular, postmodern glass and cement are used as pictures of the scene , Usually, there is a very comfortable kind of picture taken 、 Clean feeling .
How to understand this phenomenon ？
The first thing to bear is the color difference . In nature , Although the first impression of the forest is green , But if we look closely , Will find So-called “ The trees are green ” In fact, they are all kinds of complicated green 、 yellow 、 ash 、 It's made of brown , The forest is like this , The same is true of land and sea . It looks like the same color , When we try to draw it , Only then will discover these colors are so complex .
take the reverse into consideration , Artificial material , Like glass or cement , There is usually a more uniform color , It's not easy to disturb the vision , It belongs to the simple color matching mentioned above .
Of course , It's not to say that complex colors are bound to give people a sense of tension , Usually the sea and forest give people a very comfortable visual feeling , On the contrary, it makes people feel depressed too much . So , Is it visually comfortable , It's just forming “ clean ” One of the indicators of the feeling of , But not necessarily .
Except for color , We can also use texture to understand this phenomenon . What is the texture ？ It's the material of a thing , Is it smooth or wrinkled ？ It still looks soft and hard ？ It's as colorful as granite , Or like Obsidian with a single color ？ As smooth as amethyst or as rough as volcanic rock ？
If the texture of an object is smooth , Then the light reflected by it will be more uniform , The gradients will also be softer . If the surface is rough, the material is complicated , So whether it's reflected light or color changes , It's obviously a lot more complicated , Rich visual stimulation .
That's why water itself is complex , But if you shoot with a slow shutter , Blur the traces on the water , The overall feeling will make people feel much cleaner , Because the color and texture of the surface are unified by blurring .
Mode 6 ： Clear outline
Since the moving water surface is complicated , Slow shutter can blur the water , Make the picture Cleaner , How can the title say that the outline is clear and the picture is cleaner ？
This is because , In the slow fast door , What we blur is movement , Not lines between static objects . The slow fast door simplifies the texture of the complicated lines in the original action , At the same time, make sure that the immovable object has a clear outline , It is a kind of beauty that presents the process of time in an abstract way .
If the picture itself is blurred by the movement of the camera , Even the lines without action are blurred , Instead, it complicates simple lines in static state ( Because the paste is irregular ), Make the whole picture look more complicated .
Of course , Every law has its place where it can be broken . If we open up the aperture , Blur the whole picture , Perhaps it can achieve an abstract and clean . It's an exaggeration , It seems that things will go against the extreme , But generally speaking, if it's not intended to be large-scale fuzziness , The clear outline can bring a clean feeling .
Mode 7 ： Impurity removal plug-in
I'll keep this until the end , Not because it's the most important thing , conversely , Impurity removal plug-ins should be the least important . Why? ？ In general, in addition to the characteristics of the film itself , The impurities in a digital photo are more likely to be caused by the opening of the camera ISO The noise after , And unless we're shooting in the street at night or other uncontrollable lighting factors , It has a limited effect on the final cleanliness of a photo .
If we can leave a lot of negative space in the composition , Keep color lines and textures simple , And soft light and shadow , That picture is basically not because of ISO The appearance of noise affects the overall cleanliness .
That being the case , We can still use most of the software to remove the impurities in the picture , Further clean up the picture .
An extension of this technique , Namely ” Excessive land “ Remove... From the screen ” impurities “, Let's make subtle color changes that are not impurities , It's all depigmentated , It looks more unified , There's a feeling of plastic . As for how this technique should actually operate , I will explain it in a new article .