Mention the culture of Shanxi Merchants in Ming and Qing Dynasties , It must be Qiao's courtyard in front of you , Pingyao ancient city and so on , But in a village in Taigu County, Shanxi Province , There is a building “ Long life ” The font of the house —— Cao's courtyard , Compared to the Qiao family , It's really a little bit inferior , But it always gives a quiet beauty .
Shanxi merchants were the earliest merchants in China , Its history can be traced back to the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period , The Ming and Qing Dynasties were the most prosperous period of Jin merchants , Make Shanxi merchants become the top ten business groups in China , In China's business world, it has been dominating for a long time 500 years .
Cao's courtyard , It is the residence of the Cao family, a wealthy Jin Merchant in the Ming and Qing Dynasties , It is located in BEIBI village, Taigu County, Shanxi Province , Depend on 108 The national highway , It is one of the main cultural relics tourist attractions in Shanxi Province , One of the top ten famous tourist attractions in Shanxi Province , What's different from the escort agency is , Its owner is mainly engaged in furniture , Therefore, the caojia courtyard is also known as the North China classical furniture museum .
The three main courtyards of Cao's courtyard are ： Duoshouyuan 、 Duofu house 、 Many children , So it's also called “ Sandotang ”. The land occupied by sandotang is 10638 Square meters , There are rooms 277 between , Keep Ming 、 clear 、 The architectural complex of three times in the period of the Republic of China , Already existed 400 Years of history , It is a castle like compound that remains intact after modern wars and turmoil .
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Taigu Cao family , With its ancestor Cao Sanxi to start a business , At the height of business , The trade names all over the country have reached 640 A number of , There are nearly 50000 employees . Cao's courtyard , There are three halls side by side , There are three three high-rise buildings on it , Inner sleeve 15 A small courtyard , house 270 Many rooms . There is a courtyard in the whole courtyard , Strewn at random have send , With towering 、 Thick and heavy 、 The characteristics of simplicity . This complete architectural system , It not only integrates the characteristics of the north and the south , It also absorbs the ideas of European architectural culture . In hospital , Brick 、 wood 、 stone “ Three carved ” High skill , The art of painting is exquisite . Among them, Duofu Hospital , The main courtyard , Opposite the main gate , The plane layout is the second entrance hospital , One into the south of the courtyard, the second floor of the inverted building pays attention to the flower door cover, and the president's width ratio is 5：1. There are five rooms in each room , To the north is the hall , Three rooms wide , Deep into the eight beams , There is another passage around the hall , The east wall of the front yard is connected with the east main courtyard by a side door , There are five rooms in each room , On the north is a three bedroom building with a width of five rooms , Built in the Ming Dynasty, it is the most powerful owner of sandotang .
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The sandotang Museum mainly displays the business history of the Cao family 、 Ancient furniture exhibition of Ming and Qing Dynasties 、 China Exhibition 、 Treasure house and other projects . Yes “ Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival ”、 Feather mirror 、 Baishou big screen 、 In Yuan Dynasty, the vase was decorated with enamel and Yingluo patterns 、 Gold locomotive clock 、 There are more than 2000 pieces of furniture in Ming and Qing Dynasties .
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among , There's a pure gold locomotive , Use yellow 、 white 、 Made of three kinds of pure gold , With a clock and a barometer , It's a gift from France to the Qing Dynasty , Exquisite and chic , valuable . It is said that it was because Empress Dowager Cixi borrowed money from Cao's family when she fled West and passed through Taigu , This treasure was left in the Cao family courtyard , So it's left behind “ The golden bell is still smiling , How can you go back to the west without Cao family ” The laughing stock of the century . In fact, with the strength of sandotang at that time , The import and sale of Western clocks and watches is already a business of our own .
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In many rooms of Cao's house , They all hang calligraphy works of different styles . These works are all the original works of Zhao Tieshan, a calligrapher in the late Qing Dynasty , The friends who like calligraphy visit the whole sanduotang , There is a feeling of watching a calligraphy exhibition with a specific theme , These works are placed in Cao's house and complement each other's surroundings , Especially harmonious .