You Xuan , Material sorrow , deserted , For a while , These words are full of Japanese color , Is it to bring you into an ancient , The hazy world full of Oriental flavor ？
The golden splendor of Jinge temple , In fact, it is in the Yin world , It's better to be set off by a large piece of old green around ？
Chinese and Japanese traditional colors , And how subtle the difference is ？
Everybody today , We will invite freelance photographers who have lived in Japan for more than 10 years , So he's all over Japan 、 The works taken in different seasons are the carriers , Through micro 、 and 、 気 、 see 、 Secret 、 plain 、 false 、 Break eight key words , Let's talk about the sense of Japanese beauty under the camera .
It is commonly believed , Details are part of the whole . But in the details , In fact, it can also reflect the whole . So-called “ There is a spirit in the subtle ”. Or to use a Japanese saying , The important things are small .
This is the Royal washroom in the palace of peace , The so-called Royal hand washing , It's the place in the shrine for worshippers to wash their hands and gargle . It looks ordinary , A red yellow pistil flower , Bamboo , stone table , And the dipper with a handle for scooping water .
However , It is actually a micro and simple expression of the Peace Palace . The water in the stone platform , It's the lake , And a flower , It summarizes the cherry blossoms in full bloom near the temple . This is “ tiny ”, Less is more , To express macrocosm in terms of minuteness .
Stone court of Long'an temple in Kyoto , It's the representative of the dry landscape courtyard in Japan . Water doesn't need water , It's using white sand to represent water . Five sets of rocks seem to be laid out in essays , In fact, it has been carefully designed . It is said that from any angle , It's like a stone is missing . It is the representative of Japanese abstract beauty , It's also “ tiny ” An embodiment of aesthetics .
Couple rock in Ishi City, triple Prefecture, Japan , Between the two rocks there is a striking line of hemp , There are bells on the rope . On the rock in the center , There's a bird house .
Bird residence , It's the entrance to the shrine , It's the passage through which God goes through . Hemp rope 、 Bell and bird house , I know it's a picture of divinity .
If you take a closer look , There is a harrier on the bird house , Open your wings , Maybe it's Watching God go through ？ A few tiny elements , It is the specific reference of divinity and nature worship .
The same is true of this one . The crow , The rising sun , Birds in the sea , And the maiden looking at God's prayer , In the center .
“ For a while ” The word , From Japan to today's China , It's been generalized . But the word comes from Japanese tea ceremony , A little sad , But it's a little accessible . Say it's sad , Because it's a moment , It's a once-in-a-lifetime meeting . Accessible , It's also because of what you're going through right now , Only this moment , This moment , But also beyond the linear concept of time . As bashera said , Time is dot like , In this moment , In fact, there is a long time to go . so , It's also a kind of exhortation , Life is impermanent , Naturally , Live in the present , Sometimes , Then there will be , The heart has no other thoughts .
therefore , The Japanese are aware of this process of change , This kind of impermanence , This one will be in issue for a while , It's particularly sensitive . Relative to the scene of cherry blossom in full bloom , More willing to show falling flowers .
Relatively green lotus leaves , Also more concerned about its withering .
Want to understand deeply “ and ” This concept is not easy . It's the same as what we usually say “ Quantitative change causes qualitative change ” There are similar places , But it's not the same .
In Japanese Aesthetics “ and ” It refers to the juxtaposition of many tiny things , So as to form a qualitative change . Whether it's Japanese polytheism , Or the numerous bowls used in Japanese cuisine , It's all explaining “ Juxtaposition ” Such a concept .
Japan with many gods
Japanese cuisine is very particular about using a variety of bowls
Than “ Quantitative change causes qualitative change ” What's more , In Japanese Aesthetics “ and ” It's not just a large pile of the same things , And they need to be in harmony , In Chinese idioms , called “ Exist side by side and play a part together ”, Can play “1+1>2” The effect of .
This concept is similar to mechanical manufacturing , Countless parts are put together in harmony to form a huge machine , The machine is incomplete without any parts . If you look at the factory with your own eyes to assemble parts into an aircraft to fly into the blue sky , Who can say that this is not a thrilling beauty ？
“ gas ” It's one that has been around for a long time , We are all familiar with the concept of . Martial arts novels are all about , The peerless master of Qi training , Picking flowers and leaves can hurt people , This is “ gas ” The role of .
“ gas ” Can't see, can't touch , It's really there , It affects people's behavior . For example, when people enter a church, they can't help but be solemn , If you see the goddess in your heart, you can't have a trace of disrespect , This is all “ gas ” The result of the action of energy on people .
And a person's aura is also very important . Beijing Opera in China , Japan's geisha is particularly obvious . When the make-up is done , As soon as the clothes are finished , A character's unique momentum gushed out . Some people ask why actors or geisha never laugh , It's not that they don't laugh , But once you laugh , The condensed gas field is destroyed , And once Qi can't be maintained , The image characters created by 100 years of experience will lose their characteristics , destroyed . Look at your appearance , The powerful geisha , Who would have thought that she was actually an old man ？
In Peking Opera “ gas ”
An old geisha
In the final analysis , Qi cannot be described in ordinary language , But it's Japanese Aesthetics , Even in the aesthetics of the world , An integral part of .
The other day , There is a sentence on the Internet describing the Japanese character , A lot of gains “ Fabulous ”, That's what it says ,“ The Japanese have one , As long as you don't influence people , Whatever you can do with your abnormal tolerance , And no matter how sick I am , Can't affect other people's sense of responsibility ”, This is actually “ between ” Part of .
Between is the distance , To accommodate “ gas ” and “ gas ” Space between . Japanese uses “ The world ”, To show people , You can also see “ between ” In daily life .
On both sides of the Kyoto tram , It's a whole railway distance , You can see the old woman in kimono still bowing to the familiar old monk .
Compared with the western people's courtesy , Or shake hands , There is no doubt that bowing leaves a gap between people and people , But its range may have to be visible to the human eye , Where you can see acquaintances within sight , Can make a silent bow . It's similar to what we used to do , It's just not as big as bowing , Of course , The habit has not been passed down .
In fact, the Japanese know how to express loneliness , Japanese drama 《 Dining room in the middle of the night 》,《 The solitary gourmet 》 etc. , Actually, too. “ between ” The embodiment of . It's about individuals and places “ between ”, It's also between strangers , That is, the fusion and distance of Qi in this place .
When the red leaves were in full bloom, the monks looked from the corridor through the wooden pillars , It was , It's the lingering charm and image left when the continuous world is cut off . An example of China may be more beautiful , More aloof ： Look at each other , Only Jingting mountain .
In the specific expression of artistic means , It involves undertaking , message , transformation , Or pause .
In the concept of traditional Japanese Architecture , No, actually “ wall ” The concept of , Sometimes it's pillars , Sometimes it's moving doors . It's both isolation , But it's also associated with , There is no strict sense of “ Inside and outside ” Points . Some teahouses don't even have roofs , It's raining , You have to use an umbrella indoors .
There was a famous article a few years ago , called 《 Don't ask your name 》 Of , It's about beautiful things , Don't go to the bottom of the question to ask understand . At that time, it was regarded as a reading question for the examination , Now that I think about it , In fact, this is in Japanese aesthetics “ Secret ” 了 .
People have a kind of cheap Psychology , The more you don't know 、 What you can't get , The more you want to know 、 obtain , Reflected in photography , It's blank and backlight . Leaving blank can give people enough space to imagine , Let everyone have their own experience and emotion when they see the same picture , The feeling is unique ; The backlight makes part of the picture unclear , Give people a hazy sense of beauty , It makes people want to know more about hazy things . Just like a holy light in the silhouette of the tree, the setting sun shines on the Golden Pavilion Temple , It's like a Geisha's well-dressed but deep groove on her back , It's all about seducing people's thoughts .
The Japanese also love to use gold , But Kim wasn't blankly , In the sun . They prefer to use gold in dark places . Because gold absorbs light , In a dark environment , On the contrary, it can highlight the color and noble gas of gold .
The Golden Pavilion Temple in the daily image , It's the one above .
But maybe in the shade to show the Golden Pavilion Temple , More in line with the original intention of its construction . When Jinge temple was built , A lot of green plants are planted around . Green in weak light , It's going to be darker , The color goes on . So in cloudy weather , On the contrary, Jinge temple is more golden .
The total number of geisha is very small in today's Japan , Hundreds of people . Less , It also creates a kind of secrecy . Their kimonos and headwear are exquisite , It's made by a special craftsman , And change according to the month , Headwear , kimono , And the belt on the kimono and so on , We have to match them one by one . The kimono on a Geisha , No foreshadow , It's the back of your neck , If the other person can see this paragraph , Because it's not the front , It has to be a glimpse of moving 、 More circuitous occasions , This creates a more secretive and elegant expectation .
Nagatagawa, etc 《 The picture of the pine forest 》, It is a masterpiece of modern Japanese ink painting . It's a pine forest , But it's just a few sparse trees , Pine trees of different depths , Most of them are left blank . Turn aside and say , It is said that traditional oriental painting is flat , There is no perspective . But it's also atmospheric perspective ？ Walking among the pines , Near or visible , In the distance , Because of the fog , Moisture and dust , But it's a little hazy . message , Sometimes it is “ Secret ” One of the performances of , Look forward to it , A little bit more unknown , A little aftertaste , It also makes people more involved in it .
It may be a bit like a photographic version of 《 The picture of the pine forest 》, It was taken when the snow fell heavily .
The concept of Su is integrated into the Japanese bone . From all kinds of houses made of wood and other natural materials , Fresh salmon for the top sashimi sushi , They're telling us a concept , That is, the most natural and simple is the best . For example, Edo （ Today in Tokyo ） I've been through a lot of big fires , People still like to build houses with bamboo paper .
Qingshui temple, which has been burned down many times and still uses wood
Oriental culture is a culture that advocates nature , It's about being particular about “ Nature and humanity ”, A culture integrated with nature , This is related to “ man 's will , not heaven , decides ” There is a sharp contrast between the western culture of China . It's hard to say which culture is better than the other , But in Japanese Aesthetics , The beauty of simplicity and innocence without distractions are the most beautiful . This, whether in photography , Or every aspect of Japanese life , It's all invisible , It affects Japan imperceptibly , And Japan is quietly practicing the old principle they believe in , Keep humility in front of nature , Keep the simple beauty .
The precious boat of Kyoto , It's a good place to cool down . The so-called Sichuan bed , Sichuan is a river , Rivers , Bed means floor . Your boat's bed , It's like a balcony built over the river . This is very plain , A wooden platform , A few drinks , The current is gurgling , The scenery is beautiful , It can also relieve the heat , And there's no more .
In fact, this kind of elegant thing , We ancients also did . Lanting curved water cup , It's a long story . The clear stream flows around the mountains , Sit by the current , There is wine in the cup floating on the water , The glass stops in front of the water or turns around , The man took the opportunity to drink , Improvise a poem , Maybe it's better than the artistic conception of Sichuan bed , It's still higher .
《 Xunzi 》 The chapter of persuasion says ：“ A gentleman is not different , Good and false in things .” This sentence is a good illustration of “ Borrow ” The concept .
In the aesthetic concept of Japan , First there was “ plain ”, Nature worship , Think that natural things are beautiful , Good. , That's it “ false ”, By nature .
That's why a lot of Japanese Architecture 、 Photography doesn't have too much embellishment , It's just a simple loan “ potential ” But for . What people really feel is not a simple building or a picture , It's the nature behind it .
And to do that , Maybe “ false ” It also implies “ and ”, Exist side by side and play a part together , Beauty is expressed by nature , However, it does not make any party too prominent to seize the Lord , This will destroy the harmony of nature itself .
The gate of the Guangming courtyard of Dongfu temple in Kyoto is placed in this way , It is also carefully arranged . Look from the inside out , There are four paintings , Two in the middle , And two scrolls on the side , In every picture , There are also dry mountains and rivers to see , A rock , It represents a Buddha . If you move along the center line of the room , The four pictures are also moving , such , There is a feeling of changing scenery again . This is the natural scenery .
There are philosophical trails in many places , Heidelberg, Germany also has . This philosophical path in Kyoto , The path was built next to a winding canal , Paved the stone road . On the other side are cherry trees , So when the cherry blossoms fall , Broken petals are scattered on the stone road . And no one cleaned , Because it's part of nature . Maybe it's so colorful , Take a walk on the quiet and poetic path , It's more disturbing, and my thoughts are lingering in my mind .
Shouxichuan of Baoquan courtyard in Kyoto , It's also a place for visitors to wash their hands . But the red leaves in a pool are not cleaned . It's fleeting , about “ tiny ” The sensitive psychology of , meanwhile , It's plain , It's also fake .
Kyoto only （qi, Two voices ） Wang Temple , It's moss . Reflect on our country , jammed with visitors , The leader holding the banner of a travel agency is also like weaving . The purpose of play is , It's close to nature , Is it just a monument to visit here ？
Comply with the natural , With the help of nature , This is “ false ” The meaning of . In a language we're familiar with , Maybe it is advocated by Taoism “ govern by doing nothing that goes against nature ”. let me put it another way ,“ false ” The concept of , There is a natural law behind it , And the real master , Like a gentleman , Good is false to things .
The order is urgent , Keep breaking away .
These two concepts , They are Japanese stage artist Shi AMI and tea ceremony master Qian lixiu . It's a little bit similar . In Chinese , There may be three realms in creation , First, be honest , See mountain is mountain , Look, water is water. . So called broken , It's kind of like the second state that burst out on this basis , Look, mountains are not mountains , Water is not water , Breaking through the usual changes , And this destructive process , It can make art full of vitality .
In photography , A change of angle , A little red among all the white , It's all about breaking the old rules , And it just brightens people's eyes , The soul of the picture .
Originally, the mountain is like this ：
later “ broken ” It's like this ：
It was like this ：
And then it became like this ：
On a deeper level , If a man has been bound by his own consciousness , It will never reach the highest artistic level , And the only way to break this bondage , To create real beauty .
With Mr. Kurokawa's 《 Japan's eight aesthetic consciousness 》 In the words of , Artistic creation is often the more you have such and other ideas , The more we can't achieve it on time . When you feel that your heart is more than your strength , It may be the wisest choice to leave everything to nature . When we finally give up the plan 、 The human will of creation , When you entrust everything to the contingency of the laws of nature , It's the moment when the universe becomes its own friend .
That's why great photography can't be copied .
＊ The copyright of all the above photographic works belongs to photographer Xu Ming
Curiosity is not enough ？
About photography and Japanese sense of beauty , What else do you want to know , Feel free to leave a comment , Everyone will do it for you @ In this issue , Keep asking him questions .
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