About composition , Actually, I want to sort out for a long time .
Just started to touch SLR , Curious about everything , Click anywhere you go . I read a lot about composition , But I forget when I use it all the time , I read several books a few times ago to figure out the doorway .
American photographer L． Little yagosh thinks ：“ Composition is made from the eyes of the photographer's mind .” Composition comes from life , There are no fixed standards , Just like it yourself .
This series of articles , There were two before .
[ Mobile phones can also shoot blockbusters 01- Mobile photography requires skill ][Mobile phones can also shoot blockbusters 01- Mobile photography requires skill]
[ Mobile phones can also shoot blockbusters 02-VSCO Use guide ][Mobile phones can also shoot blockbusters 02-VSCO Use guide]
《 Photography composition 》 I mean, composition ：“ Composition is a process of thinking , To find order from the chaos of the natural being .”
Composition should not be just an angle 、 skill , It should be part of the picture , such as ： shape 、 line 、 Light and shade 、 Texture 、 Stereoscopic feeling, etc .
These visual elements make up the picture , Finally, it is using composition to present .
Photography is closely related to mathematics , Especially geometric aesthetics . In the last century 20 s , Geometric elements are gradually used in decorative art , Designers combine seemingly unrelated color blocks with graphics , It has formed a geometric art work with great visual impact .
Such as these ：
To create a law by geometric characteristics 、 Exaggeration 、 Abstract scenes , Most of these photos can't be wrong .
We all know that plane geometry is made up of “ spot 、 Line ” form , Photography is also a two-dimensional art , They have something in common , There are also many points and lines used in photography .
If the distance is far enough , We can think of people as dots , And then we're going to compose the scene . Of course , Point can be something else ： animal 、 Bird 、 Glass etc. .
Such as these ：
And then there's the line , The reflection we often see 、 Sunrise these are typical cases .
This is a typical combination of dots and lines .
There is no standard answer to the use of lines , but Make sure there's only... In a picture 1~2 line It can't be wrong .
Except for dots and lines ,《 Photography composition 》 The second chapter talks about the knowledge and application of shapes , And different light and shadow features .
For example, now it's a circle , It's just a shape .
We can add some wireframes . In this way, the contents contained in the border form a picture , The content in the picture is called graph .
Put the graphics in different places , The overall feeling has changed a lot , We can also see the importance of background space .
We can also change the size of the graph , To get more forms .
Know the composition of the pattern , So that we can have traces to follow in the process of shooting , Don't be too creative .
Knowing this is the most basic picture knowledge , I recommend you to read it 《 Photography composition 》 This book .
Then there are some common ways of composition .
Trisection is actually a simplified version of the golden section , It works well on mobile phones . If you're interested in the story behind it , You can go to Baidu 、 Know how to have a look , Here is just a brief introduction to the skills .****
Turn on the square on your phone .
The purpose of trisection is to avoid the monotony caused by symmetrical composition , There are two most commonly used methods .
1、 The first one is ： On 1/3 And 2/3
Divide the picture into two parts 1/3 And 2/3 Two parts , And then shoot .
Of course, we can also divide it into 2/3、 Next 1/3, These are not absolute .
2、 The second kind ： Left 1/3 And right 2/3
Similarly, there is no absolute standard between left and right , You can decide for yourself .
We can also place objects at the intersection of the nine squares .
Framework is actually to create a future , It's often the window 、 Door, etc , Make the subject more prominent .
The common elements that can form a framework are ： shadow 、 The window 、 door 、 Arch Bridge 、 Arcades, these , Just choose the angle .
Openness is actually a relatively closed concept , Closed composition often places the elements in the center , The whole is relatively complete , There won't be half a face .
But the open composition is only partial , The rest needs us to think about , There is room for thinking .